Burdened by an overbearing boss? Your heart may pay the price, according to new research.
The Swedish study found that workers' risks for angina, heart attack and death rose along with the reported incompetence of their bosses.
"This study is the first to provide evidence of a prospective, dose-response relationship between concrete managerial behaviors and objectively assessed heart disease among employees," said lead researcher Anna Nyberg, from the department of public health sciences at the Karolinska Institute, and Stress Research Institute at Stockholm University.
"Enhancing managers' skills -- regarding providing employees with information, support, power in relation to responsibilities, clarity in expectations, and feedback -- could have important stress-reducing effects on employees and enhance the health at workplaces," Nyberg said.
The report was published in the Nov. 25 online edition of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Read more on Washington Post